old comrade coal lignite mining in the gdr

Water Management an Water Protection in Coal/Lignite ...

2012-2-19 · The coal/lignite production from one region is from 2 mill. tons (hard coal in UK) to 197 mill. tons (lignite in Lausitz Region in GDR). Most frequently lignite production from one region is 15 to 40 mill. tons per year, in average 20 mill. tons. The hard coal production per one open pit is 100,000 -

East Germany’s old mines transformed into new lake ...

2016-9-17 · The mining continued throughout the 20th century, reaching peak production under the GDR regime, which was highly dependant on lignite as a natural energy

Lusatia, Germany - IKEM Just Transition

2020-7-30 · available in the GDR, lignite from Lu-satia and the Central German mining district was crucial for the GDR’s en-ergy supply. 26 In 1989, coal production in the GDR accounted for over 1/6 of global lignite coal extraction.27 Mas-sive growth in regional lignite pro-duction, and the associated employ-ment boom, caused the population of

Surrounded by Pit Lakes: New Landscapes After Lignite ...

2020-6-15 · This contribution is providing a personal perception of pit lakes in the lignite mining districts of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR). In addition, it provides selected facts and a condensed summary on what has been done and achieved since the 1990s to shape the impressive pit lake landscapes that nowadays comprise more than 50 large unique pit lakes.

Metamorphosis of Mining Landscapes in the Lower

force in the GDR, which pushed into the background the need to rebuild post-lignite mining landscapes10. In 1989, the landscapes of lignite basins were also characterised by the predominance of vast mineral wastelands ploughed by giant excavators11 (Fig. 2). 7 The Lower Lusatian basin, the country’s main lignite mining region, was also the most

Water Policies: Regions with Open- Pit Lignite Mining ...

2017-1-30 · The GDR is the country with the greatest lignite production (almost one- third of the world production). More than 70% of the total output of primary energy is based on lignite extracted exclusively by open-pit mining. The annual output of lignite amounts to more than 250 million tons/annum. 300 million tons/annum are planned for 1985.

Estimation of the Required Amount of Hydrological ...

2016-5-24 · At present, in the GDR the following tools are used for the estimation of the required amount of hydrogeologicd exploration : a) standard values in the field of lignite exploration according to several stages of exploration and according to the type of the coal seam and deposit. n.n. 1976 , see Figure 2a.

Life after lignite: how Lusatia has returned to nature ...

2014-9-10 · The character of Pritzen was changed completely.” Lignite mining has a long history in this region, called Lusatia. The first mine was started in 1844, along with briquette factories that compacted...

Lignite - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Lignite, or brown coal, is the lowest-ranked coal, and is placed just above peat in terms of calorific value. It is not a feature of international seaborne coal trades, primarily due to its high water content (which can reach up to 60 per cent) and its lower Btu values (which average 4000–8300 Btu/lb compared with bituminous coals, which ...

Coal in Germany | Clean Energy Wire

2 天前 · German lignite plants make up seven out of Europe’s 10 biggest polluters, according to an analysis of European ETS data by climate NGO Sandbag. 55.3 percent of ETS emissions in Germany came from coal power plants in 2016, the data shows.. Why power from lignite still flourishes. In 2018, hard coal provided 12.8 percent of Germany’s gross power generation, down from 25.6 percent in 1990.

East Germany’s old mines transformed into new lake ...

2016-9-17 · The mining continued throughout the 20th century, reaching peak production under the GDR regime, which was highly dependant on lignite as a natural energy resource, especially following the 1970s ...

Germany’s three lignite mining regions | Clean Energy Wire

2021-8-21 · Germany has been the largest lignite producer in the world since the beginning of industrial lignite mining. It still is, followed by China, Russia, and the United States. The softer and moister lignite (also called brown or soft coal) has a lower calorific value than hard coal and can only be mined in opencast operations. When burned, it is more CO2 intensive than hard coal.

lignite basin of Lower Lusatia (Germany) The new post ...

2019-4-19 · the lignite mining regions, which was the largest mining activity in the GDR. Since the German reunification, the landscapes of the lignite basins in East Germany, shaped by open cast mining underwent a profound transformation resulting from the closing of most mines. The considerable spatial extension of mining wasteland areas in the early

Water Policies: Regions with Open- Pit Lignite Mining ...

2017-1-30 · The GDR is the country with the greatest lignite production (almost one- third of the world production). More than 70% of the total output of primary energy is based on lignite extracted exclusively by open-pit mining. The annual output of lignite amounts to more than 250 million tons/annum. 300 million tons/annum are planned for 1985.

Economic Resilience of German Lignite Regions in

2019-10-28 · coal, including a fixed end-date. Its recommendation of phasing out coal by 2035 2038 [10] is a compromise between claims to phas e out coal by 2030 to meet the Paris Agreement [11] and concerns of representatives of the lignite regions asking for

Life after lignite: how Lusatia has returned to nature ...

2014-9-10 · Lignite mining has a long history in this region, called Lusatia. The first mine was started in 1844, along with briquette factories that compacted the lignite into burnable bricks, and related ...

Coal in Germany | Clean Energy Wire

2 天前 · German lignite plants make up seven out of Europe’s 10 biggest polluters, according to an analysis of European ETS data by climate NGO Sandbag. 55.3 percent of ETS emissions in Germany came from coal power plants in 2016, the data shows.. Why power from lignite still flourishes. In 2018, hard coal

Structural change in former mining regions: problems ...

2017-1-21 · The hard coal mining region around Zwickau had already ceased production due to unprofitability in the late 1970s. Figure 1: Mining regions in Eastern Germany 3.1. Environmental damage and structural changes after 1990 Although the rehabilitation of mining landscapes was required by GDR law, a huge remediation backlog accumulated.

Estimation of the Required Amount of Hydrological ...

2016-5-24 · At present, in the GDR the following tools are used for the estimation of the required amount of hydrogeologicd exploration : a) standard values in the field of lignite exploration according to several stages of exploration and according to the type of the coal seam and deposit. n.n. 1976 , see Figure 2a.

Lignite mining - zxc.wiki

Germany. In Germany, lignite is primarily used to generate electricity.The land use of the German Braunkohletagebauten amounted status 2006 more than 2,300 square kilometers, which is more than four times the area of Lake Constance, or nearly the area of Saarland equivalent. In addition, more than 300 settlements for lignite mining were given up and around 100,000 people were resettled.

Economic Resilience of German Lignite Regions in Transition

The Central German coal district, like Lusatia, is a lignite mining region in the area of the former GDR. This region has started turning its back on lignite earlier than Lusatia for economic reasons after 1990, and only a few mines and power plants are left in the region today.

lignite basin of Lower Lusatia (Germany) The new post ...

2019-4-19 · the lignite mining regions, which was the largest mining activity in the GDR. Since the German reunification, the landscapes of the lignite basins in East Germany, shaped by open cast mining underwent a profound transformation resulting from the closing of most mines. The considerable spatial extension of mining wasteland areas in the early

Technical and Biological Recultivation and Development

development of the national economy of the GDR is that domestic lignite resources should be used wherever possible as a source of energy and as a feedstock for the chemical industry until long after the year 2000. Output of crude lignite, which was 266.7 million tons in 1981, is planned to increase to 295 million tons by 1985 (Honecker 1981).

Economic Resilience of German Lignite Regions in

2019-10-28 · coal, including a fixed end-date. Its recommendation of phasing out coal by 2035 2038 [10] is a compromise between claims to phas e out coal by 2030 to meet the Paris Agreement [11] and concerns of representatives of the lignite regions asking for

Lausitz lignite strip mining areas - Dark Tourism - the ...

2021-7-24 · Lignite mining is still going on in the Lausitz area in south Brandenburg and north-eastern Saxony – albeit on a smaller scale than was the case during the days of the GDR, when it formed the backbone of the country's energy supplies and industry. Many pits

Guiding principles in transformation processes of coal ...

2020-7-24 · Due to a lack of alternative energy sources such as hard coal or petroleum in eastern Germany, the GDR authorities massively expanded lignite mining over the years, when lignite covered up to 85% of East Germany's energy consumption. Accordingly, Lusatia became the primary energy region in the GDR.

Kernkraftwerk Greifswald | Lost Places Germany

2020-8-19 · Lignite mining with the “Schwarze Pumpe” Coal Power Plant in the background, 1989 | Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-1989-1127-019 / CC-BY-SA 3.0. The GDR was convinced that Nuclear Energy was the way forward and thanks to the fact that it had the largest uranium deposit in all of Europe, it seemed like the cheapest and safest way forward.

WORKING PAPER

2016-1-15 · In the GDR more than two-thirds of the total output of primary energy is based on lignite extracted exclusively by strip-mining. Mining results in significant environmental and resource use conflicts between different users in such regions. This paper describes the concept of a study on the analysis of Regional Water Poli-

LIGNITE COUNTRY - kein-tagebau.de

2018-8-16 · Lusatia region devastated by lignite mining Germany leads the world in burning the fuel that does the greatest harm to the worlds climate. Each year the country mines 180 million tonnes of lignite for burning in power plants. This brochure aims to highlight the consequences of lignite mining

Surface mining as the main trend in intensive increase of ...

The productivity of surface coal mining in the major coal producing countries is compared with underground black and brown coal mining. The trend toward construction of large capacity surface mines (over 60 Mt/a) in USSR, FRG, GDR, Czechslovakia, Poland, Yugoslavia, and Bulgaria is emphasized.

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